The following paper is a critical analysis of one hundred cases of distortion of the neck which were entered in the records of the Boston Children's Hospital as torticollis. This analysis has been made in comparison with the findings as reported in the literature of the subject. The cases have been taken from the records of the Children's Hospital in the order in which they applied for treatment.
Any deforming relation between the head and the neck in which the sternocleidomastoid muscle was chiefly involved has been considered as torticollis, whether of congenital or acquired origin.
The sternomastoid muscle has its origin from the sternal notch and the sternal end of the clavicle and is inserted into the mastoid process of the temporal bone. The sternal and the middle portion of the muscle receives its blood supply from the sternomastoid branch of the superior thyroid artery. Unilateral contraction of this
SIMMONS HJF. TORTICOLLIS. JAMA. 1915;LXIV(8):645–649. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570340017004
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