About half a century ago Lambert wrote: "It costs no more to 'raise' a man capable of living for 80 years than it does to 'grow' one who has not the capacity of living to be 40 years old." 9 In the midst of present-day enthusiasm for the conservation of life and other natural resources we have come to appreciate how much potential value of life is now allowed to be wasted which could be conserved. It is, however, one thing to recognize and admit the existence of a deplorable situation, and quite a different matter to find workable ways and means of combating it. An expert has calculated that the actual economic saving annually possible in this country by preventing needless deaths, needless illness (serious and minor), and needless fatigue, is certainly far greater than one and a half billions, and may be three or more times as great.
THE IMPROVEMENT OF STREAM-POLLUTION CONDITIONS. JAMA. 1916;LXVII(17):1231–1232. doi:10.1001/jama.1916.02590170039016