During the past four years there have been published in America numerous reports on the treatment of lung tuberculosis by artificial pneumothorax. These have proved beyond doubt the value of this procedure so far as the early symptomatic results are concerned, provided properly selected patients are operated on. It is well established that in induced pneumothorax, most remarkable and almost immediate symptomatic improvement will be brought about. High fever will be brought to normal, sputum is greatly reduced or abolished, cough disappears, the patient gains in weight and strength, and in many bilateral cases the râles in the working lung will soon disappear. This is certainly well established, but the question that has troubled every one of us who have used this procedure, I am sure, is whether the final result would be in any way comparable to the early improvement.
So far there has been practically nothing published on
SHORTLE AG. THE ULTIMATE RESULTS IN THE TREATMENT BY ARTIFICIAL PNEUMOTHORAX. JAMA. 1916;LXVII(18):1268–1270. doi:10.1001/jama.1916.02590180006003
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