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Article
April 10, 1915

THE SUPERSTITION OF FLAT FOOT: THE HIGH VERSUS THE LOW ARCH AS A CAUSE OF PAINFUL SYMPTOMS IN THE FOOT

JAMA. 1915;LXIV(15):1208-1211. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570410006004
Abstract

The subject of static disorders of the feet has been extensively discussed under the names of "flat foot," "the broken down arch," etc., and a fair statement of present medical opinion would be to this effect: that under unfavorable conditions of weight bearing, the structure of the foot is so changed that the arch of the foot is lowered by the relaxation of ligaments and muscles, and that pain results from this malposition. It is with this point of view as explaining most cases of static disability in the feet that I desire to take issue in the present paper.

The term "flat foot" was originally the only one in use to describe static disorders of the feet, and was almost universally applied to them twenty-five years ago. Then came the terms "pronated foot" and "weak foot," and among the laity of late years one hears much of "broken," "dropped"

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