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To the Editor:
—In the article on "The Tools of Our Trade," by F. X. Dercum (The Journal, March 13, 1915, p. 878), a view is expressed regarding the "continued warm bath" in treatment of psychoses which does not represent the correct attitude, as I think, toward this means of treatment. Dr. Dercum remarks that "the continued warm bath is also a form of restraint." This is not the opinion or the usage of all. Since 1909, when I observed the Dauerbäder as given at Kraepelin's clinic at Munich, where I took the "Fortbildungskursus," I have employed it as a method of treatment only when the patient was entirely willing. Previously I had occasionally used mild compulsion with it. I asked Kraepelin if he ever used compulsion. He replied that he did not—only persuasion, requesting the patient to get in and allowing him to get in and out as he
Dewey R. Use of the Continuous Warm Bath. JAMA. 1915;LXIV(16):1347. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570420065034
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