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April 17, 1915

Use of the Continuous Warm Bath

Author Affiliations

Wauwatosa, Wis.

JAMA. 1915;LXIV(16):1347. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570420065034

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To the Editor:  —In the article on "The Tools of Our Trade," by F. X. Dercum (The Journal, March 13, 1915, p. 878), a view is expressed regarding the "continued warm bath" in treatment of psychoses which does not represent the correct attitude, as I think, toward this means of treatment. Dr. Dercum remarks that "the continued warm bath is also a form of restraint." This is not the opinion or the usage of all. Since 1909, when I observed the Dauerbäder as given at Kraepelin's clinic at Munich, where I took the "Fortbildungskursus," I have employed it as a method of treatment only when the patient was entirely willing. Previously I had occasionally used mild compulsion with it. I asked Kraepelin if he ever used compulsion. He replied that he did not—only persuasion, requesting the patient to get in and allowing him to get in and out as he

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