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April 24, 1915

Flies in Relation to Disease. Bloodsucking Flies.

JAMA. 1915;LXIV(17):1445. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570430077033

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The past two decades will long be famous in medical history for epoch-making discoveries of the relations of insects to disease. From the discovery of the malarial parasite by Laveran in 1881, and the demonstration of its life cycle fourteen years later by Ross; from the earliest direct association of flies with disease in the same year by Finlay, and the proof of their causation of yellow fever by Reed, Lazear, Carroll and Agramonte in 1899 to the present time, there has been an ever-increasing volume of literature, till it has far exceeded the limitations of the average physician. The impetus which the discoveries by Ross and the American commission of 1899 have given, not only to clinical and pathologic studies, but to parasitologic and entomologic studies as well, has been tremendous. More has been learned about the habits and structure of filariae, plasmodia and trypanosomes, about mosquitoes, tsetse flies

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