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A number of appliances for the induction of artificial pneumothorax have been devised. Some are complicated both in design and construction; some are difficult to operate without assistance; a few are in some respects inefficient, while others are unduly expensive. I have endeavored to construct an apparatus, simple in design and construction, easy to operate without assistance, efficient in the chief essentials, and at the same time very inexpensive.
The illustrations with the accompanying description may serve to explain the construction and make the advantages clear.
The case, which is simple in design, should be made of material that will not warp. It should not be too large or heavy, so that it may be conveniently portable. There is one large door (Fig. 1, 1) at the front, and on the inside a central partition (3). An important addition is a small trap door (2) at the top.
Dobbie WJ. ARTIFICIAL PNEUMOTHORAX: A SIMPLE APPARATUS FOR ITS INDUCTION. JAMA. 1916;LXVII(26):1938–1939. doi:10.1001/jama.1916.25910260001018
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