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Article
January 6, 1917

INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE AND SURGERY: THE NEW SPECIALTY

JAMA. 1917;LXVIII(1):1-4. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.04270010001001
Abstract

Preventive medicine and preventive surgery within the last five years have become a very active factor in the industrial life of our country. Our modern industrial concerns have employed experts to study their expensive, complicated machines, in order to preserve their mechanism and obtain their maximum of efficiency. The human machine alone was neglected.

Gradually, due to both external and internal causes, a new, humanizing influence pervaded a few of these industries, and they began to consider the welfare or betterment of the employees from various angles. It was soon apparent that this movement reacted to the welfare of the employers. The realization of this mutual benefit to employee and employer marked the birth of an entirely new economic point of view, which is rapidly extending to every branch of our American industrial life.

The conservation of life by the prevention of disease and accidents among employees, the basic principle

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