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January 6, 1917

MEDICAL SUPERVISION OF FACTORY EMPLOYEESRESULT OF FIVE YEARS' EXPERIENCE

JAMA. 1917;LXVIII(1):5-8. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.04270010005002
Abstract

The basis of this paper is work done in the Department of Health and Sanitation at the Norton Company and Norton Grinding Company, Worcester, Mass., from May, 1911, to May, 1916.

The medical department in a factory has five functions, as follows:

1. To make physical examinations of all prospective employees, and reexamine all defective employees.

2. To treat accidents immediately after they occur and subsequent treatments.

3. Examining and advising cases of sickness.

4. The control of sanitation throughout the works.

5. Health publicity.

I will take up these functions in order, and discuss each one briefly, giving our results.

PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS  The best time to make a physical examination is before the employee is hired. This immediately eliminates any man who is totally unfit for the work to which he is assigned, and prevents contagious diseases becoming established in the shop. Rejections should, however, be made only when

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