Out of an income of less than $1,000 a year, the average urban family of five in most large American cities has to spend from 40 to 50 per cent. of their income for food. Undoubtedly an important factor contributing to this large percentage is the cost of municipal food handling and distributing, as was indicated by a recent study in New York City, where it was ascertained that about 37 cents out of every consumer's dollar went for the cost of municipal food transportation. Public markets are considered by many an essential factor in combating the high cost of foods resulting from the present individualistic methods of municipal food handling. The past few years have seen many experiments along market lines, either under public, semipublic or private control, either temporary or permanent in character. It would seem that the most effective results might be expected with the highest degree
ARMSTRONG DB. THE SANITATION OF PUBLIC MARKETS. JAMA. 1917;LXVIII(2):103–106. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.04270010103008
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