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Article
March 17, 1917

THE VISUAL REQUIREMENTS OF MILITARY AVIATORS

JAMA. 1917;LXVIII(11):841-843. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.04270030173013
Abstract

The advent of the aeroplane in modern military equipment has made it necessary to modify to some extent the method of physical examination of applicants. Because of the unusual and, until within a few years, the absolutely unknown conditions which the aviator must encounter, there must be a special standard of physical fitness, quite different in some respects from that required of men in other branches of military service. In times of peace the physical standard in all branches of the service should be maintained at the highest possible point. In time of war, when the need for all available fighting forces is urgent, the physical requirement of recruits might have to be considerably lowered. To lower the standard required of aviators, however, even in time of war, would be to incur the danger of most serious risks.

Military writers on the different European battle fronts tell us that if

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