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Article
August 25, 1917

MODE OF INFECTION, MEANS OF PREVENTION AND SPECIFIC TREATMENT OF EPIDEMIC MENINGITIS

JAMA. 1917;LXIX(8):639-645. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.25910350004011c
Abstract

This article has been prepared because of the appearance of epidemic meningitis among the armed forces of the United States, and for the purpose of bringing the essential facts of our present knowledge of that disease to the immediate attention of the medical officers responsible for the health of the troops and also of the physicians equally responsible for the health of the civil population.

Epidemic meningitis, cerebrospinal fever, or spotted fever, as the disease is variously called, is an old foe of the armed camp, and having ravaged the European armies, has already attacked our own. Moreover, it has prevailed in this country sometimes as epidemics, sometimes sporadically, without complete cessation, since the severe outbreaks of 1904 and 1905. At about the same period, epidemics of the disease appeared in many European countries, and within the next two or three years they penetrated into Africa, South America, Australasia, etc.

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