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Dr. Howe's answer to the question, why a student of medicine should undertake to discuss universal military education, is that, a third of a century ago, in examining the eyes of more than a thousand public school pupils and finding many cases of near-sightedness, he found "setting-up" exercises of great value in improving the physical condition of these children. He is also a strong believer in the utility of systematic military training in developing broadness, exactness, restraint, efficiency and other personal qualities. He discusses the necessity of preparedness as a foundation for peace, and compares the volunteer system with the Swiss and Australian systems, advocating universal military education on account of its value to the growing boy as well as for a foundation to a universal military service system. Dr. Howe argues his case well, and his subject is certainly a timely one.
Universal Military Education and Service.. JAMA. 1917;LXVIII(22):1651. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.04270060059035
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