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Under this heading, a recent editorial in an army journal abstracts the facts detailed in a paper by Major Charles Smart, "on the connection of the Medical Department of the Army with the development of meteorological science in the United States," read at the Congress of Science in Chicago, Ill., in August last.
"The credit for instituting the Army meteorological service has been given to General Joseph Lovell, Surgeon General of the Army, who in 1819 directed surgeons at military posts to furnish quarterly reports of weather; but Dr. Smart has found from the records that Dr. James Tilton of Delaware, a Revolutionary War surgeon, was the first to suggest a diary of the weather in 1814. He was occupied at the time on the Northern frontier, looking after the interests of the sick and wounded. While Dr. Tilton suggested the system he was interrupted in carrying out his idea
THE ARMY AND METEOROLOGY. JAMA. 1893;XXI(19):701. doi:10.1001/jama.1893.02420710029010
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