The recent reports by Rosenow1 and by Nuzum and Willy2 on the treatment of epidemic poliomyelitis with the serum of immunized horses, for which excellent results are claimed, are of considerable interest. The horses were immunized with the coccus recently found by several observers in the central nervous system in epidemic poliomyelitis, and consequently the question of the exact relation of this coccus to poliomyelitis is again raised.3 In both reports, it is asserted that the serum used has protective and curative powers with respect to the experimental poliomyelitis of the monkey produced by means of poliomyelitis virus, that is, suspensions in physiologic sodium chlorid solution of fresh or glycerinated nervous tissue from human beings that have died with this disease, or from monkeys experimentally infected. While the coccus with which the horses were injected unquestionably occurs in poliomyelitis, and frequently may be present in the so-called
THE TREATMENT OF EPIDEMIC POLIOMYELITIS WITH SO-CALLED SPECIFIC HORSE SERUM. JAMA. 1917;LXIX(16):1350–1351. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.02590430044013
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