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The treatment of injuries by applications of either hot or cold moisture is not a new procedure. There has been, however, a revival of this practice in the past ten years. Listerism is largely responsible for the renewal, and the development of our bacteriologic knowledge combined with our clearer physiologic insight, has given it the impetus toward the position it now holds. These applications of moist heat or cold were formerly known as stupes, but this term is now confined more especially to applications of turpentine, etc., or perhaps a better way to express it, to medicated fomentations applied to strictly medical cases.
There is no doubt that wound treatment by moisture is sometimes overdone, that it is often used with plain empiricism; that hot moisture is used where cold is indicated and vice versa, for very little has been written to guide the practitioner, and a doctor does not
CENTER CD. A SYSTEM FOR THE RATIONAL TREATMENT OF INJURIES BY FOMENTATIONS.. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(4):164–165. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440040020001g
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