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November 17, 1917


JAMA. 1917;LXIX(20):1694-1695. doi:10.1001/jama.1917.25910470008009a

Any enhancement of the comfort, hygienic condition and safety of our defenders merits speedy attention. For this reason I venture to suggest some devices that presented themselves to me while reading the description of trench sanitation by Dr. C. C. McCulloch.1

McCulloch writes: "It naturally adds much to the efficiency of this system if the urine can be handled separately, particularly in incinerator methods. This is done in some cases by separate urine buckets, in others... by urine soakage pits."

Plan 1.  —A method of separating the liquid from the solid excreta is illustrated in Figure 1 as applicable to the bucket now in use according to McCulloch's illustrations.A separate bucket for the solids is suspended by a strong flange from the posterior upper rim of the large bucket now in use. It will be noted that the anterior rim of the feces bucket is flattened to increase