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Article
February 3, 1894

MIGRATION OF SYPHILIS FROM EAST ASIA INTO AMERICA BY WAY OF THE BEHRING SEA.

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK. LATE FOREIGN MEDICAL DIRECTOR TOKIO HOSPITAL, TOKIO, JAPAN.

JAMA. 1894;XXII(5):154-156. doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02420840020001h
Abstract

In the October issue of the Sei-I-Kwai Medical Journal re-appear two articles of mine, both on pre-Columbian syphilis, in which I endeavor to show a possible relation between East Asia and pre-Columbian America.

The antiquity of syphilis in Japan and China is admitted by all Japanese students. Waké and Tamba, who both belong as far back as the seventh century, mention this disease. The authors of the Dai-do-rui-shiu-ho refer to a medicine used against it by Sukunahiko, the Esculapius of Japan, who lived in the time of Jimmu Tennō (660 B. C.) In China, syphilis was certainly known in the Chu dynasty 1122 B. C. to 314 B. C. From China the disease is supposed to have come to Japan, in the migratory way, landing first at some harbor in the Hijen district, it may have been Nagasaki. Hence, the newcomer spread in all directions over Japan.

China itself seems

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