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1. The irrigating nozzle shown in Figure 1 has proved such a help in cystoscopic examination that, despite its simplicity, it seems worthy of description. Previous to its adoption I had used, as most surgeons do, an ordinary glass nozzle, and had been much annoyed by the leakage which occurred about the nozzle, owing to the poor fit between it and the cystoscopic tube. No leakage whatever occurs if the nozzle here illustrated is used, for this is absolutely prevented by the metal cuff (A) which fits snugly about the outer surface of the cystoscopic tube. Moreover, when it is attached to the cystoscope, the nozzle remains in place without being held, and the examiner's hand is therefore free for other purposes.
2. In using the Young urethroscope I have found the instrument much more serviceable if a set screw (A, Fig. 2) be added to the lamp holder, so
Churchman JW. IRRIGATING NOZZLE FOR CYSTOSCOPY—MODIFICATION OF THE YOUNG URETHROSCOPE —HOLDER FOR FULGURATION WIRES. JAMA. 1915;LXV(12):1027. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.25810120001015a
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