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The retractor here illustrated consists of two pieces of steel wire connected by a firm band, which is also of steel, held in position by a screw. The outer face piece consists of malleable material so that one can adjust it to the various conformities of the face.
After it has been placed in position, it is held firm by a linen band which is adjusted to the subject's head. The retractor is particularly serviceable when an assistant is not to be had, and more so when the operation is performed in a sitting posture. The danger of injuring the tissues is lessened, and the operating surgeon has always before him a clear view of the operative field.
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Sheehan JE. A SELF-RETAINING RETRACTOR FOR THE SUBMUCOUS RESECTION OF THE NASAL SEPTUM. JAMA. 1915;LXV(14):1183. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.25810140004013f
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