The most essential factor in the control of plague during recent years has been the realization that it is essentially a rodent epizootic. It is true that the literature of plague contains reports of the disease in monkeys, dogs, cats, horses, asses, cattle, sheep, goats, swine, calves, chickens, pigeons, geese, camels, kangaroos, bats, frogs, geckoes, goldfish and carp, but many of these reports are not confirmed by convincing experimental evidence.
Hankin1 noted an epizootic in monkeys in October, 1897, at Kankhal, and a second simian epizootic was observed at a little later date at Jawallapur. A third series of cases was observed at Gadar in the residency of Bombay in December, 1899. In the second and third simian epizootics the diagnosis was confirmed bacteriologically. Calmette and Salimbeni2 and the German and Russian plague commissions demonstrated the susceptibility of the brown monkey and the gray monkey to plague. From
RUCKER WC. THE RELATION OF RODENT PLAGUE TO HUMAN INFECTION. JAMA. 1915;LXV(21):1767–1769. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02580210001001
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