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Article
November 27, 1915

ARTIFICIAL PNEUMOTHORAX IN THE TREATMENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS: RESULTS OBTAINED BY TWENTY-FOUR AMERICAN OBSERVERS

JAMA. 1915;LXV(22):1861-1866. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02580220001001
Abstract

American experience with the artificial pneumothorax treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis dates from 1898, when Dr. John B. Murphy1 of Chicago described the new method and reported five cases in his oration on "Surgery of the Lung" before the Forty-Ninth Annual Session of the American Medical Association in Denver.

Previous to that, in 1882, unknown to Dr. Murphy, Dr. Carlo Forlanini of Pavia, Italy, suggested the method, following this by years of experimental work, and reported his first case of cure of an advanced unilateral case in 1895. During the last twenty years, Forlanini applied the method in a large number of cases.

The popularization of the method followed the publication, beginning in 1906, of an immense amount of experimental and clinical work by L. Brauer of Marburg, and his associates, L. Spengler and others. The introduction, in 1907, by C. Saugman2 of Christiania, of the water manometer, for

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