During a period of about seven years I have occasionally conducted experiments on the effects of aluminum salts. These studies have convinced me that the use in food of alum or any other aluminum compound is a dangerous practice. That the aluminum ion is very toxic is well known. That"aluminized" food yields soluble aluminum compounds to gastric juice (and stomach contents) has been demonstrated. That such soluble aluminum is in part absorbed and carried to all parts of the body by the blood can no longer be doubted. That the organism can "tolerate" such treatment without suffering harmful consequences has not been shown. It is believed that the facts in this paper will give emphasis to my conviction that aluminum should be excluded from food.1
II. EXPERIMENTS BY HOUSE AND GIES ON THE EFFECTS OF ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS ON THE GROWTH OF SEEDLINGS
Several years ago, in collaboration
GIES WJ. SOME OBJECTIONS TO THE USE OF ALUM BAKING-POWDER. JAMA. 1911;LVII(10):816–821. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260090038015
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