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Hypertrophy of the pharyngeal or Luschka's tonsil, by some authors termed adenoid growths, consists of an abnormal enlargement of the glandular tissues normally found in the vault and walls of the pharynx. It is characterized by obstruction of nasal respiration, with catarrhal symptoms and in many cases partial deafness, with alterations in the voice partially due to obstruction of the resonant chamber in the posterior nares, and partially to changes in the larynx caused by mouth-breathing. There is also more or less deterioration of the general health, and frequently deformity of the chest; in many instances mental hebetude and imperfect physical development are very pronounced. Attention was first directed to this condition by Meyer, of Copenhagen, in 1860, and later by Loewenberg, of Paris, who reported three cases in 1865. The same author subsequently published a complete résumé of the subject in 1879. A thorough discussion of the subject was
E. FLETCHER INGALS. HYPERTROPHY OF THE PHARYNGEAL OR LUSCHKA'S TONSIL.Read in the Section on Laryngology and Otology, at the Forty-fifth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, held at San Francisco. June 5-8. 1894.. JAMA. 1894;XXIII(13):483–486. doi:10.1001/jama.1894.02421180001001