Any study of penology should consider not only crime and its punishment, but should also investigate the mental and physical state of the criminal, his capacity and his needs. There are conditions both of body and mind either congenital or acquired which render a person dangerous to himself and others, and attempts to repress criminal acts and to protect society from their consequences and their repetition can never be in any great degree successful until we look in part to the individual and examine him as to his status as a man. With this end in view and especially in the case of the young, who are first offenders, the courts should place criminals in secure custody where they should be confined upon indeterminate sentences and undergo careful observation and training at the hands of men capable of judging just what corrective or remedial measures are needed and for what
ALLISON HE. SOME RELATIONS OF CRIME TO INSANITY AND STATES OF MENTAL ENFEEBLEMENT. JAMA. 1896;XXVII(12):646–650. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430900030002g
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