Roughly speaking, otologists, during the period before 1900, were engaged in the problems connected with the diseases of the middle ear, and brought forward such men as Toynbee, Schwartze and Politzer. The ground work for the pathology and therapeutics of the inner ear was well laid during this period by Helmholtz, Cyon, Flourens, Jansen, Breuer, Hogyes and Brown-Sequard. The ten years succeeding 1900 have given us a wealth of literature on the labyrinth, which has served to crystallize our knowledge of its functions and diseases, and methods of handling them, so that our researches have been carried a step farther and we are beginning to acquire a more definite knowledge of the retrolabyrinthine region. Absolute diagnosis in many affections in this region has been and will be impossible until we have acquired a more exact knowledge of the various nerve tracts. The progress, however, has been rapid in the last
GRAHAM HB. THE DIAGNOSIS OF RETROLABYRINTHINE AFFECTIONS. JAMA. 1911;LVII(25):1989–1992. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.04260120179017
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