A study of a good many children who have been brought finally to serious account for misdeeds, and especially children who were referred to me from the juvenile court, has shown in almost every case a slate of the nervous system in which the symptoms, although often resulting in criminal acts, were none the less expressions of a condition having its beginning long before, in the bad handling of nervous habits, a stimulation of them, or a neglect of them altogether.
It was not punishment that seemed to be needed in a single case, and it is a matter of interest that in the juvenile court alone is crime considered a symptom, as it should be, for which the doctor-judge seeks a remedy, and, if possible, a specific one. A hundred years ago the medical profession emerged from the conception of disease as heaven-sent and from the almost dark ages
BROWN PK. THE NEUROTIC BASIS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: WITH A STUDY OF SOME SPECIAL CASES MOSTLY FROM THE SAN FRANCISCO JUVENILE COURT. JAMA. 1912;LVIII(3):184–187. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260010186011
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