Modernizing an old house is a much more difficult procedure than building a new one. Similarly, it is more difficult to correct misinformation than to inculcate sound principles from the beginning. The more difficult task, however, is before me.
It may not be going too far afield to say that an up-to-date anesthesia should be given in an up-to-date amphitheater. This gives me an opportunity to air certain phases of the life of a surgeon and anesthetist and incidentally the life of each patient that comes under their care. I refer now to the poorly ventilated operating-rooms existing in the most modern hospitals. In not a single operating-room that I know of is the air changed and rendered livable. The air should be forced in near the ceiling through gauze and should be drawn off near the floor, in this way giving a constant supply of fresh air
GWATHMEY JT. UP-TO-DATE METHODS OF ANESTHESIA. JAMA. 1912;LVIII(7):465–467. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260020149004
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