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It is certainly not in accord with the present humane methods which we use toward prisoners to place them in an environment which entails danger of disease. Assuredly, the people of the State of Michigan never intended to impose a sentence of imprisonment at hard labor and typhoid fever, yet this is exactly what was done when prisoners were sent to the penitentiary at Jackson; the insanitary conditions were such as to cause a continuous series of typhoid fever cases among the prisoners. This has now been entirely remedied. With the removal of a faulty sewer and the destruction of an insanitary wing, typhoid fever has been wholly eliminated. There has not been a case for months. The present management is certainly to be congratulated on its work in eliminating from the punishment meted out to prisoners the danger of typhoid fever, which was not imposed by the court.
IMPRISONMENT AT HARD LABOR AND TYPHOID FEVER.. JAMA. 1905;XLV(4):248. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.02510040020007
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