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It is reported that one of the leading medical schools of the East has adopted the plan of using the lower animals for surgical practice by students and that the method is found to have some decided advantages over the use of the cadaver for this purpose. Of course the anatomic conditions are not the same, but operating on a living animal will require the same conditions of asepsis and technic as would be adopted with a human being, and is, therefore, more instructive to the incipient surgeon. So far as possible all the formalities that are observed with the human being are practiced, clinical histories are kept, effects of anesthesia are noted and in case of a death of the subject a formal autopsy is made and added to the records. We do not see why this is not a thoroughly rational method of instruction and we will not
SURGICAL PRACTICE ON THE LOWER ANIMALS.. JAMA. 1905;XLV(6):407. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.02510060043013