The axiom that the proper study of mankind is man has evidently not long been applied to criminal man, for careful search reveals a striking dearth of records in this regard. Until 1841 nothing worth recording had been done in the special observation of criminals, and the science of criminal anthropology, strictly speaking, was only begun in 1854, and not until Lombroso's work "The Criminal," was published in 1876 did criminal anthropology assert itself as an independent science.
There are several instances where observations have been published as to the characteristics of criminals, but no connected and definite work was done. (Immediately after the publication of "The Criminal," however, numerous works on criminal anthropology were published, especially in Italy.) All the valuable work done in this line is of recent date; good literature in this field is therefore limited, and carries with it the conclusion that the whole subject has
RANSOM JB. THE PHYSICIAN AND THE CRIMINAL.. JAMA. 1896;XXVII(15):788–796. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430930008002a
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