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Article
February 2, 1895

THE ELEMENT OF HABIT IN GYNECIC DISEASE.

Author Affiliations

ST. LOUIS, MO. IN CHARGE OF DEPARTMENT OF GYNECOLOGY AND ABDOMINAL SURGERY, WOMAN'S HOSPITAL.

JAMA. 1895;XXIV(5):149-154. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430050001001

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Abstract

"The situation has never yet been occupied by man; That has not its duty; its ideal. Yes; here in this poor miserable actual, Wherein thou even now standest; here, or Nowhere is thine ideal. Work it out, therefore, and in the working Live, believe, be free."

THE ARGUMENT. 

  1. The national endowment and conditions.

  2. Primitive type to standard type.

  3. The law of conservation of energy operates for, and necessitates the operation of, the "element of habit."

  4. The law of conservation of energy, operating in conjunction with original endowment, insures persistence of the "element of habit."

  5. The operation of the law of continuity.

  6. Variation in type, acquired by change in environment operating on primitive type.

  7. The law of conservation and continuity necessitate the operation of the "element of habit" in the variation in type.

  8. Application of the argument.

  9. Report of cases illustrating the variation in type and the "element of habit."

  10. Atavism

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