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Article
April 6, 1912

CONTRIBUTION TO THE SURGERY OF BONES, JOINTS AND TENDONS

Author Affiliations

President of the American Medical Association CHICAGO

JAMA. 1912;LVIII(14):985-990. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04260040001001

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Abstract

In treating this subject I have divided the work into three distinct groups, and will present it as three separate papers, each one, however, interdependent on the others. In order that the genetic elements may be more readily appreciated, it is essential that I mention, in a cursory way, at least, elemental embryologic, histologic and anatomic factors at the beginning of each separate paper.

These papers constitute only an illustrative synopsis of the work as it would be impracticable to publish it in The Journal in full. It will appear in its entirety in a monograph later.

SURGERY OF BONES 

ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY OF BONE  Grossly, bones are divisible into four classes: long, short, flat and irregular. The long bones are found in the limbs, where they form a system of levers which have to sustain the weight of the body and confer the power of locomotion. The shaft of

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