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When Lister visited the United States in 1876, and spoke on the subject of antisepsis at the International Medical Congress, there was no bacteriologic laboratory in this country. The impetus given to bacteriologic studies by the practical needs of surgery was first felt in Europe, but although there were many in the field, it was not until the improved methods of laboratory technique had demonstrated bacillus tuberculosis, and the comma bacillus, that the immense practical value of this department of science dawned on the medical world. America was fully aroused and almost simultaneously there sprung into existence laboratories in connection with Harvard, Johns Hopkins, the Hoagland in Brooklyn, the Carnegie, the Loomis, the Chicago Medical College and the Universities of Pennsylvania, and Michigan, and the medical colleges throughout the United States soon found it necessary to give instruction in bacteriology and to provide suitable equipment therefor.
Naturally, independent investigators were
THE ADVANCE OF LABORATORY WORK IN AMERICA. JAMA. 1895;XXIV(16):600. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430160028005
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