The attention of American sanitarians has recently been directed to the Isthmus of Panama, and it was therefore thought of interest to this Section to present the following observations relating to the water supply, also the diseases studied while I was on duty with the U. S. Marines at Obispo and Empire last year.
During the days of the old French canal company the water supply of each section was obtained from the adjacent rivers or streams and pumped into tanks and relay stations to be distributed to the buildings occupied by the French employes. The native quarters were supplied by street hydrants. The official charts indicated the position of each pumping station, tank, and their connections with the liberal network of lead piping. All these had not been in use for years and were found in need of extensive repair. After the missing parts of pumps and pipes had
CARPENTER DN. THE RELATION OF THE WATER SUPPLY TO DISEASES OF THE ISTHMUS. JAMA. 1905;XLV(14):982–985. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.52510140028001g
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