I print here, side by side, photographs of loss of nose deformation by lupus, by syphilis, by leprosy. The leper apparently has lost his upper lip, with his nose. This last is taken from Leloir's well-known work. I also print the characteristic deformations of fingers and toes of lepers, according to photographs sent me by Dr. Morrow. I print also photographs of huacos pottery, representing deformations. Also a photograph showing leprous tuberculation of the face. This mutilation of the fingers, and this tuberculation of the face, are the most striking features of the disease. Is it not probable, therefore, that if those ancient Peruvians had intended to represent leprosy in the huacos pottery they would have shown a tuberculated face or a deformed hand?
There lives in France (Béarn), in the Pyreneean regions, a class of people called Cagots, who have deformations of the finger- and toe-tips, elevated and arched
ASHMEAD AS. PRE-COLUMBIAN LEPROSY. JAMA. 1895;XXIV(22):850–853. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430220028003g
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