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July 3, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXIX(1):27-29. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440270027001n

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Abstract

VIII.—PROFESSORS OF SURGERY AND PRACTICAL SURGEONS (WUNDAERZTE).  Ferdinand Leber (1727-1808) was of much more importance; we have already mentioned his services in the abolishment of torture. Hyrtl has erected a small monument to this true son of Vienna (l. c. xxxiv). Leber's father made wigs, while his mother was a midwife. He was educated in a Jesuit school and became the pupil of a surgeon, under whom he learned bleeding and plaster-making during the three years legally prescribed. A small inheritance made him independent so that he could devote himself to the study of surgery. Jaus instructed him in anatomy and theoretic surgery, while he studied practical surgery in the Trinity (Dreifaltigheit) Hospital, and became the assistant practitioner there. Having become Master of Surgery, in 1751 he received a minor appointment as physician in Breitenfurt with a salary of one hundred thalers, and in the following year, through his patron

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