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Leprosy existed in Egypt in prehistoric times and extended to another land only when intercourse was established between the two countries. It reached Greece at about 345 B. C., Italy in the first century before Christ, and from the latter country extended to Germany, France and Spain. Crusaders returning from the Orient also brought back the disease in later times and eventually all Europe was infected. Leprosy is known to have existed in Great Britain in the tenth century, and from that country it was carried to Iceland and Greenland. From Germany it extended to the Scandinavian countries, and from the latter to Finland and Russia. It also reached Russia from the South and East, and in the South it was at one time called the Crimean disease. The West Indies and South America probably were infected from Spain, and through these channels the disease was carried
IMMUNITY.. JAMA. 1905;XLV(18):1325–1326. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.52510180041003
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