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Under natural conditions the horse is the chief sufferer from glanders or farcy, the former name being applied to the disease as it occurs in the nose, the latter when in the skin. These names are relics of the time when the two forms of the disease were not recognized as identical processes with a common etiology. In either locality the disease may be acute or chronic, and in the horse about 90 per cent. of the cases are chronic. The ass is occasionally infected, and in this animal as well as in man, an acute general infection (bacillemia) frequently develops, in addition to the cutaneous and nasal lesions which characterize the disease. Fortunately, glanders in man is rare. Cows and rats are immune, or nearly so; the sheep, goat and dog have fairly high resistance, although they may be infected artificially; the dog and rabbit
IMMUNITY.. JAMA. 1905;XLV(19):1402–1403. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.52510190038002