IX.—THE ACADEMIE ROYALE DE CHIRURGIE AT PARIS. PIERRE JOSEPH DESAULT.
Medicine had from the first not kept pace with surgery in France; the latter had always been pursued with partiality, while the former had been neglected, so that, with a few exceptions, French physicians had not made brilliant records. The chief reasons for this failure of medical study were, the too brief period devoted to it, the neglect of the supplementary studies, the selling of the doctor's degree, and above all the separation of medicine from surgery. This had continued in France, as in Germany, since that unfortunate time when the Catholic church forbade the clergy to perform any operation whatever. As a result the science sank to the level of a trade. Indeed, the Italian, Lanfranchi, who in 1295 had fled to Paris, taught both sciences, practiced both, and declared that their separation was an evil; but centuries must
FISCHER G, VON KLEIN CH. SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. AN HISTORICAL STUDY. JAMA. 1897;XXIX(5):231–237. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440310029001k
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