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August 14, 1897


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1897;XXIX(7):315-323. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440330015001e

America has contributed much to the creation of modern neurology, especially to neuriatry or clinical neurology. By the term neurology I include normal neurology and abnormal neurology, which I term neuriaty, and psychology and its opposite morbid aspects psychiatry. In this great historic city one of its most honored names in medical and political history, Dr. Benjamin Rush, was the pioneer psychiatrist and neuriatrist1 (if you will permit the coinage of this word) of the century. The consideration of mental aberration received much attention at his hands. It was here that insanity first had a hospital set apart to its victims, and inebriety was treated as a disease under the name oinomania. This great physician and statesman made a study of alcoholism, its causes and consequences and boldly proclaimed it the drink disease in advance of all the world, just as Ephraim McDowell in Kentucky had boldly cut into