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August 21, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXIX(8):376-380. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440340024002i

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Abstract

XI.—WAR SURGERY UNDER FREDERICK THE GREAT.  The beginning of German military surgery; Interest of Frederick the Great; In the seven years' war; Portable and stationary field hospitals; Transport, diet, medicines; The siege hospital at Schweidnitz; Fresh air, neutrality, mortality; The surgical Pepinière at Berlin; The Prussian army surgeons; Bilguer; Schmucker; Theden; Voitus, Mursinna, Görcke; Jasser, Ollenroth and other regimental surgeons; The military sanitary regulations under Joseph II; Of minor states.The German barber puts on a gay coat, not forgetting to include all his stupidity, roughness and quackery, and then represents himself as the army surgeon (Feldscherer) of the last century, to whom the soldier must entrust his shattered limbs. It appears that German military surgery began in Prussia in 1630, with the appearance of the army surgeon. Before that time there was neither army physician nor hospital in the Brandenburg army; the sick soldiers were obliged to look after

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