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The therapeutic value of blood transfusion in severe anemia resulting from hemorrhage is generally recognized. Because of the nature of this principal indication, a device for transfusion, in order to be ideal, should be generally available.
Many apparatus have been contributed, but, whereas most of them possess some of the essential qualities, none comprehends all.
The methods of transfusion are the indirect and the direct. In recent times the indirect method has been revived and various devices for its execution have been advanced. The advantages obtained by this method, assuming the employment of the most efficient of these devices, are sureness in transmitting the blood, indication of the amount of blood transmitted and comparative ease of execution. Many successes have been reported from the use of the indirect method, but, despite this fact, it has strong opponents among physicians of extensive experience. Viewed from the physiologic point of view, the
McGrath BF. VASCULAR SUTURE IN TRANSFUSIONA SIMPLE DEVICE TO FACILITATE THE WORK. JAMA. 1914;LXII(17):1326–1327. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.25610420003014d
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