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XII.—FRENCH AND ENGLISH WAR SURGERY.
The beginning of the French war surgery; The first flying and stationary hospitals; Improvements under Louis XIV. and XV.; Organization of war hospitals and military physicians under Louis XVI. and the Republic; Means of transportation; Ravaton, Colombier; Trecourt, Lombard, Percy, Moreau, Boy; English regulations; the lash; J. Hunter, Jackson; J. Pringle, fresh air, recreation of the sick; Brocklesby, barracks; Count Stair, treaty for the protection of the wounded; French and German voices concerning barracks and protection treaty.From the downfall of the Roman Empire to the time of the crusades one hears nothing of military surgery; it was dormant and awakened first in France. When Louis the Good made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Pitard was the first surgeon who accompanied the army with a few others, almost all monks or priests who along with their clerical functions also gave medical treatment. The later
FISCHER G, VON KLEIN CH. SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. AN HISTORICAL STUDY. JAMA. 1897;XXIX(11):540–542. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440370034002f
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