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September 11, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXIX(11):540-542. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440370034002f

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Abstract

XII.—FRENCH AND ENGLISH WAR SURGERY.  The beginning of the French war surgery; The first flying and stationary hospitals; Improvements under Louis XIV. and XV.; Organization of war hospitals and military physicians under Louis XVI. and the Republic; Means of transportation; Ravaton, Colombier; Trecourt, Lombard, Percy, Moreau, Boy; English regulations; the lash; J. Hunter, Jackson; J. Pringle, fresh air, recreation of the sick; Brocklesby, barracks; Count Stair, treaty for the protection of the wounded; French and German voices concerning barracks and protection treaty.From the downfall of the Roman Empire to the time of the crusades one hears nothing of military surgery; it was dormant and awakened first in France. When Louis the Good made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Pitard was the first surgeon who accompanied the army with a few others, almost all monks or priests who along with their clerical functions also gave medical treatment. The later

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