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CHAPTER XII.—FRENCH AND ENGLISH WAR SURGERY.
In order to have as much fresh air as possible, the minister of war of the republic instructed the commissioner of health to provide the necessary means. He decided upon the following: "Upon his admission every patient was to have his hands and feet washed; in the wards which the attendants were to sweep twice a day, there must be basins with pure water; facilities for bathing must be provided in every stationary hospital; twice a year the wool in the mattresses must be renovated and the wards must be whitewashed at least once a year, and the bedsteads and tables be frequently washed. For every ward a certain number of beds was allowed, and this number was never to be exceeded; they stood from two to two and a half feet apart and never in more than two rows. The basins were oiled,
FISCHER G, VON KLEIN CH. SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. AN HISTORICAL STUDY. JAMA. 1897;XXIX(12):587–591. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440380029002h
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