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October 16, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXIX(16):795-802. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440420029002i
Abstract

XIV.—INFLAMMATION AND WOUNDS.  German theories on inflammation; J. Hunter's teachings on the finer precedency of curing inflammation and wounds; Treatment; Lumbar abscesses; Misuse of the sound and plugging of the wounds; Lint, poultice, cold water, lead preparations, etc.; Bloody suture; Fresh air, baths in fever; Cold showers in typhoid; Arresting hemorrhage, thrombosis; Ligature of the arteries; Compression, agaric; Early attempts at subcutaneous surgery.If one conceives inflammation as the center of all pathology, because the ideas concerning the nature of morbid processes were strongly influenced by the prevailing conception of its development, he can only timidly enter into German science. No system sprang up which did not impress a certain stamp upon the theory of inflammation. In the beginning of the century the doctrine of Boerhaave prevailed almost everywhere in Europe. It consisted in a stoppage of the blood in the smallest arteries, which came about either because the blood

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