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One of the chief difficulties to be overcome in the management of a large municipality is that which is encountered in providing a proper system of drainage. The method that was established at an early date consisted in the construction of small drains so as to have them open out into a ravine or natural watercourse. Sometimes the large mains had their openings at the mouth of a river or directly into a harbor or bay. The objection to such a plan of laying sewers is in the tendency of the sewage matter to become deposited after a lapse of time upon the banks of the river and shores of the deeper waters. The odors given off by the deposition of such material after it has been exposed to the sun, winds and fogs are at times of the most unsavory character. Their baleful effects, however, have not always been
CLARKE AP. SOME FEATURES RESPECTING THE DRAINAGE OF THE LARGER MUNICIPALITIES.. JAMA. 1897;XXIX(17):839–842. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440430019002g
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