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Article
January 27, 1906

SCIENCE AND ART IN MEDICINE.THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICAL THINKING.

Author Affiliations

Professor of Physiology and Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland. BALTIMORE.

JAMA. 1906;XLVI(4):243-248. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.62510310005001a
Abstract

IS MEDICINE A SCIENCE OR AN ART?  Medical men the world over frequently have to hear the criticism, I might call it the reproach, that medicine is not a pure science, that its methods and its discipline are not sufficiently accurate to merit this term. On the other hand, critics are not wanting among the non-medical public, who argue that medicine is not a perfect art.Now, what is an art, and what is a science? In a recent address President Ira Remsen1 attempts to define these terms, and on the authorities there quoted by this versatile educator we might profitably start out by borrowing the interpretations of the terms science and art. One writer says: "The distinction between science and art is that science is a body of principles and deductions to explain the nature of some matter, and art is a body of precepts with practical skill

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