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August 10, 1895


JAMA. 1895;XXV(6):217-222. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430320003001a

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In selecting for the subject of my address, "Some Mooted Points in Gynecologic Surgery," I am aware that I may lay myself open to criticism for presuming to bring before a body of medical practitioners constituting the highest national representative body of American gynecology, subjects which may be considered hackneyed—subjects upon which but little that is new can be advanced. My excuse can readily be understood by every pelvic or abdominal surgeon. Every such surgeon is a learner and an original investigator from the beginning of his career until its end, or a failure. No one ever learned laparotomy by attending lectures or by watching a master, or by the perusal of books. No one ever learned laparotomy in a personal experience of a year in actual abdominal work on animals or on patients, in a series of one hundred cases or two hundred cases. He, who, to his own

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