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Article
August 10, 1895

NATURAL HISTORY OF THE KUMBH FAIR CHOLERA OUTBREAKS.

JAMA. 1895;XXV(6):248-249. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430320034007
Abstract

Surgeon-Captain Herbert furnishes1 from Bombay a contribution to the natural history of the cholera outbreaks at the Hardwar fairs on which he bases what he modestly styles the following "suggestions:" 1, the fouling of the water of the Sacred Pool or of the Bhun Ghora tank, or of both, by an unusually large proportion of bathers to the quantity of water available may render these waters a very favorable medium for cholera development, and so determine the origin of far-reaching epidemics; 2, the growth of the organism may be assisted by unusually hot weather; 3, virulent cholera elsewhere in India may be effective from the character or quality, rather than from the quantity, of the virus carried to Hardwar.

These " suggestions" are at variance with the conclusions arrived at prior to 1892, from observations which definitely associated the outbreaks of cholera at Hardwar with but one condition—the overcrowding at

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